Sleep Apnea Symptoms
Do I Suffer from Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea occurs when there are pauses that cause you to completely stop breathing as you sleep at night. There are two major types of sleep apnea — obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the more common condition, and central sleep apnea (CSA).
If you suffer from obstructive sleep apnea, your muscles relax enough to allow the soft tissue in your throat to fall back and block your airway while you sleep. This leads to pauses in your breathing that can occur between 5 and 30 times each hour.
You wake up each time you resume breathing, and this dramatically disrupts your ability to get a good night’s rest. Symptoms associated with OSA include irritability, daytime drowsiness, fatigue, insomnia, waking up with a dry mouth in the morning, lack of motivation, and frequent urination during the night.
Central sleep apnea results when the patient’s brain fails to send their body a signal to breathe. It’s often accompanied by additional symptoms such as weakness, numbness, and tingling throughout the body. This is a sign that the brain is not properly communicating with the muscles that cause your lungs to breathe.
Genetic Risk Factors for OSA
Many of the key risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea are genetic in nature, meaning you were born with them. Some of the most significant genetic risk factors of sleep apnea include:
- Family history of sleep apnea
- Small lower jaw
- Male gender
- Large tonsils
- Hypothyroidism (an abnormally low activity of the thyroid gland)
- Acromegaly (abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face)
How Sleep Apnea Affects Your Body
Sleep apnea results in significant oxygen deprivation. Over time, this takes a major toll on your health. Untreated sleep apnea is associated with many harmful conditions including hypertension, cardiovascular disease, dementia, depression, diabetes, liver disease, and cancer.
Other side effects people suffer from with this sleep condition include:
- Daytime drowsiness and fatigue
- Morning headaches
- Sleep deprivation
- Dry mouth and throat
- Mood swings
- Weight gain
Sleep Apnea and Your Well Being
Your sleep apnea is too dangerous ignore. Don’t wait for it to seriously damage your health before you get your diagnosis. A sleep test can be administered at a sleep center, but Dr. Ura makes it easy for you to take a sleep test at home. That way, a qualified sleep physician can diagnose your sleep apnea and prescribe a suitable course of treatment.
After a thorough, comprehensive evaluation, we will fabricate your device then do the necessary follow up to give you the best opportunities for success. We feature a variety of custom-made oral appliances so we can provide you with the best outcome.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the different types of sleep apnea?
There are three different types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive sleep apnea(OSA): This is the most common type of sleep apnea. OSA happens when breathing stops involuntarily for periods of time during sleep due to the airway becoming blocked, narrowed, or floppy.
- Central sleep apnea: This type of sleep apnea has no airway blockage, but the brain doesn’t send proper signals to the respiratory muscles to breathe.
- Mixed sleep apnea: This is a combination of obstructive and central sleep apnea.
What can happen if sleep apnea goes untreated?
The side effects of sleep apnea can disrupt your daily life because of the disorder’s severe impact on your overall health and well-being. If left untreated, it can lead to:
- Low energy and reduced productivity
- Irritability, anxiety, and mood swings
- Heart failure, irregular heartbeats, and heart attacks
What causes airway obstruction?
There are various causes for an obstructed airway. In fact, some of them are out of your control. Factors such as obesity and a genetic difference, such as an enlarged neck, can cause airway obstruction which results in sleep apnea. An individual who lives with obesity often develops sleep apnea due to enlarged tissues in the throat or mouth.